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How to File a Complaint Online in Consumer Court in India

Online Legal India LogoBy Online Legal India Published On 27 Nov 2020 Updated On 14 Oct 2022 Category Consumer Complaint 19 comments

An Indian citizen can lodge a case in consumer court against a service provider or a seller in case of faulty product delivery, improper service, or harassment. The government of India controls the judiciary hearings regarding consumer grievances. Below we will discuss the entire procedure to file a complaint in consumer court.

All you need to know about Consumer Court in India:

Consumers are eligible to receive quality products and standard services. But in numerous situations, consumers become victims of flawed goods or substandard services. To compensate the customers for defective products and provide a redressal technique the Consumer Protection Act was passed in 1986.

Later, the Act was amended and enacted as the Consumer Protection Act, 2019. 

Consumer Protection Act, 1986 has established Consumer Court to redress and compensate disputes in India. These courts are divided into three categories depending on the monetary transaction limit. If the transaction amount is below 20 lacs, the case is handled by District Forum. Similarly, State and National Commissions handles the cases of between 20 lacs to 1 crore and above 1crore respectively.

Table of Contents

  • Consumer Forums responsible for Redressal and Consumer Protection
  • Procedure to File a Case in the Consumer Court
  • Eligibility Criteria to File a Complaint
  • Conditions to Lodge a Complaint
  • How to File a Consumer Complaint Online
  • Why go for Filing a Complaint Online instead of Offline
  • Procedure to approach the District Forum
  • Procedure to approach State Consumer Forum
  • Documents required Filing a Case in SCDRC
  • Procedure to approach NCDRC
  • Reliefs granted under the Consumer Protection Act
  • Time Limit to File a Case in Consumer Court
  • How to appeal against Consumer Court Order
  • How can Online Legal India™help you?
  • Recently Resolved Cases

Consumer Forums responsible for Redressal and Consumer Protection

When it is determined to file a case, the consumer needs to estimate the monetary transaction limit. Based on the pecuniary limit, Consumer Forum is categorized into a three-tier format.

  • District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum (DCDRF):

Each district has a Forum consisting of 3 members each. When the amount is under 20 lakhs, DCDRF orders to file an appeal in SCDRC.

  • State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission(SCDRC):

If the pecuniary value is between 20 lakhs to 1 crore, then an appeal is filed from the SCDRC order to NCDRC. This commission is established in every state.

  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission(NCDRC):

This forum is situated in New Delhi and is considered the highest tier of the Redressal system. If the value of the claim exceeds 1 crore then the jurisdiction lies in hands of NCDRC. Also, an appeal from the NCDRC orderlies to the Supreme Court.

Procedure to File a Case in the Consumer Court

  • Intimation: The aggrieved party sends a notice to the service provider who sold the product. This notice informs about the intention of the customer to take action for receiving substandard or defective goods. It is an attempt for settlement between both parties without going to Forum.
  • Drafting of the complaint: If the seller or service provider is not ready to offer compensation, a formal complaint is lodged under Consumer Protection The process doesn’t necessarily need a lawyer and can be dealt with by the customer himself. The customer must mention the following details:
  1. Name, address, and description of both parties.
  2. Cause of action, approximate date, time, and place.
  3. Relevant causes behind the action.
  4. The compensation or remedy claimed by the consumer.
  5. Signature of the complainant or authorized lawyer.
  • Attach required documents: Materialistic evidence and documents are required to support your complaint to produce in the court. They include-
  1. Copy of bill, delivery receipt, packaging, a record of online booking.
  2. Warranty/Guarantee cards.
  3. Copy of the written complaint and notice.
  • Appropriate Commission: The consumer needs to choose the proper forum to file the complaint according to pecuniary jurisdiction i.e. the total value of the product or service availed. Mention the compensation amount that is fixed.
  • Pay court fee: A certain amount of money is needed to be paid along with the complaint. The amount depends on the type of the forum, the value of the product bought and the compensation sought.
  • Submit Affidavit: While filing the case it is necessary to submit an affidavit in the court. It is proof that the facts described by the complainant are true to their knowledge.

Eligibility Criteria to File a Consumer Complaint

  1. Certainly, a consumer only can file a complaint, but to do that, he or she needs to fulfill two conditions-
    • The consumer has paid money to purchase products or avail of services in exchange for money.
    • The person has purchased the product for personal use only and not for resale purposes.
  2. A registered voluntary consumer association under the Companies Act or other law.
  3. The Government, be it central or state.
  4. Consumers with the same interest.
  5. A legal heir or relative of a deceased consumer.

A complaint is a written allegation and thus, the complainant must fall under the definition of a consumer.

Conditions to Lodge a Consumer Complaint

  • Unfair or restricted trade practice by a service provider.
  • Defective or substandard products, which are already bought or agreed to be purchased by the consumer.
  • Service Deficiency, whether hired or confirmed to be hired.
  • Overcharging of goods when the price is fixed by the law, displayed on packaging, or agreed between both parties.
  • Selling goods that are hazardous for life, safety, and property.

Procedure to approach the District Forum

The complaint can be written on plain paper and can be filed by the complainant himself or his authorized agent.

  • Four copies and additional ones for each party need to be filed by the complainant.
  • The Court Fee for suits valued up to 1 lakh is zero for those who have Antyodaya and Anna Yojanacards, while in other cases the amount is Rs. 100. When the suits are valued up to 5 lakhs, the court fee is Rs. 200, and for suits valued up to 10 lakhs, the fee is Rs. 400. For those up to 20 lakhs, the court fee is Rs. 500.
  • The court fee must be paid by demand draft made out by the President of Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum along with the district name.

Procedure to approach State Consumer Forum

  • The consumer can file a case according to pecuniary jurisdiction or file an appeal from the order of DCDRC within 30 days from the passing of the order.
  • The court fee for the value between 20 to 50 lakhs is Rs. 2000 while the fee is Rs 4000 when the value is up to 1 crore.
  • Court fees need to be deposited via demand draft in favour of Registrar, name of State Commission.

Documents required Filing a Consumer Complaint in SCDRC

  • Copy of complaint which is filed, the proofs, evidence, the material, and other documents consisted of correct name and address of both parties.
  • A certified copy of the order passed by the District Forum.
  • Four copies are needed to be filed in the court and copies to be served on each Respondent.
  • Copy of Interim orders passed by DCDRC or petitions to the case need to be attached and submitted along with the Affidavit.
  • Application for Condonation of Delay (if any) along with reasons has to be submitted.
  • A deposit of Rs. 25000 or 50% of the compensation amount, whichever is less than the other has to be made by opposite parties.

Procedure to approach NCDRC

  • A consumer can file the complaint directly according to pecuniary jurisdiction or file an appeal from SCDRC order within 30 days of passing the order.
  • The court fee is Rs. 5000 and the demand draft will be made out to The Registrar, NCDRC.
  • There is no further fee for filing an appeal before the State or National Commission.

A complainant can approach the Supreme Court against the orders of NCDRC within 30 days from the passing of the order.

Reliefs granted under the Consumer Protection Act

  • Refund of the product price paid by the customer and additional compensation for any damage if claimed.
  • Removal of defects which is proven to exist after conducting a test on the material. The passed order might ask to remove or fix the damages.
  • Compensation for mental or physical damage suffered while owning or using the product.
  • Imposing a ban on life-threatening goods and their abomination from the market.
  • Order of discontinuation of restrictive trade practice. The authority can impose a permanent or conditional ban on unfair service.
  • Payment of the cost of the product and litigation claimed by the aggrieved party.

Time Limit to File a Case in Consumer Court

A complaint must be filed within two years from the date of the action of deficiency or when the problem happened. According to the law, the case can be filed after the statutory period of two years if DCDRC is satisfied with the sufficient cause for not filing the case within that period. The delay can be granted if the reasons are acceptable.

How to Appeal against Consumer Court Order?

The Supreme Court is at the top of the hierarchy of the Forum format. Law allows the complainant to appeal against the forum’s order at every level so that justice is served.

Consumer Protection Act, 2019 is bestowed upon the consumers so that no unscrupulous affair takes place. In order to secure the safety of the consumer right from unfair trade, protection is provided to eradicate all the disputes in the market. This is the reason why the Forums are established exclusively for Consumer Protection.

How can Online Legal India™help you?

 We all know how time and money-consuming legal proceedings are Government officials take their own sweet time and ask you to pay extra just to get the job done. If you too have fallen into the same malicious loop it would be a smart move to File an Online Consumer Complaint. We here offer you varied legal support services that will help you achieve the justice you want and rightfully deserve without over-exhausting your resources. 

Already gratified with 1,20,000+ satisfied complainants from every nook and corner of the country, as we work until your contentment. From gathering the necessary pieces of evidence to write up the application letter and filing the complaint in the Consumer Forum.


Our recently Resolved Consumer Complaint Cases

Recently we have solved numerous cases and solved the problems of our clients. Here are some examples of cases that have been handled by our company:

  • Rajesh Kathuria filed a complaint against a Bank and claimed approximately 22 Crores.
  • Bharat Rai registered a complaint against VMakes Visas Pvt. Ltd. The approximate claim amount was 3.60 lacs.
  • Dominic Thomas filed a case against Singomax PTE LTD and the claimed amount was 2.85 lacs.
  • Janak Vinaykant Mistry has complained against Medistar Hospital and the amount claimed was 2.73 lacs.
  • Seenivasan lodged a case against the showroom and the approximate claim amount was 2.10 lacs.

Witnessing harassment from fraudulent services or products or misleading advertisements?
Let us know in the comments to legally assist you at the quickest.

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Leave A Comment


Onkar Tiwari

25 Feb, 2021

I have applied for high security registration plate from rosemetta security pvt limited. Their technician damaged old number plate and not for fixed new one. I can not run vehicle without proper number plate. I tried to contact technician and company multiple times without success. I wish file a consumer court case for deficiency of service and mental harrashment. Please let me know if admissible

Team Online Legal India™

26 Feb, 2021

Hello Onkar, thank you for reaching out to us. Team Online Legal India™ will contact you shortly to discuss and initiate the consumer complaint process.


24 Feb, 2021

axis bank charged me bounce charges and late fees charge even I paid full amount within due date of payment. when I contact to customer care they misguide me.

Team Online Legal India™

24 Feb, 2021

Hello Rakesh, thank you for reaching out to us. Team Online Legal India™ will contact you shortly to discuss and initiate the consumer complaint process.


23 Sep, 2021

I have paid the payment for the case I file it's almost 24working days no one haven't responded my case

Team Online Legal India™

23 Sep, 2021

Hello, thank you for reaching out to us. Our Team will get back to you to discuss and resolve your issue by filing a Consumer Complaint against Online at Consumer Court.

Apurv Parmar

11 Mar, 2021

Legal notice bhejne ke baad online legal india Kya karti hai aage ? Me online legal india me case registered karwaya hun !

Team Online Legal India™

15 Mar, 2021

Hello Apurv Parmar, thank you for reaching out to us. Team Online Legal India™ will get back to you shortly to efficiently discuss your issue.

Sandepan Biswas

09 Mar, 2021

Hello there. I recently bought 2 t-shirts from a website called redwolf. When I asked for returning the 2 items they said that they are unable to do that. I asked them that if they can deliver the item why can't they reach me for pick up for return. But they still denied. They told me to courier the 2 items back to them. They said they will compensate the amount I will be paying for courier by putting the money (i.e. Rs. 100) in my redwolf wallet (which I mistook the same as the account in which they were about to transfer my earlier paid money to buy the 2 items , i.e., bank account). I did what they asked me to do. But they didn't transfered the Rs. 100 in my bank account though they did transfer the main money. When I told them about my confusion, they told me they won't be transferring the Rs. 100 in my bank account. They instead put the money in redwolf account. I requested them many times to transfer that to my bank account but they said no. Tell me what to do...

Team Online Legal India™

09 Mar, 2021

Hello Sandepan. Thank you for reaching out to us. Team Online Legal India™ will reach out to you shortly to discuss and initiate your consumer complaint filing process.

Ujjwal Singhania

05 Feb, 2021

We have been working for factory to repair motor and if company refuses to pay for the work we did and talks rudely we visit then what can we do, thank you

Team Online Legal India™

08 Feb, 2021

Hello Ujjwal, Thank you for reaching out to us. The Legal Team of Online Legal India™ will contact you shortly to efficiently solve your issue at the quickest.

Debesh Ranjan Routray

01 Sep, 2021

I paid the amount on 28.08.2021, still it has been 5 days and 3 working days their tele caller who assigned me to guide not responding my calls and messages. I think I have in trap of frouding again. If they will solve my case I will be there for a positive comment for them. If they don't do so I will comment again.


Anjali Malhotra


Anjali Malhotra


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