Trademark Classes

Different Types of Trademark Classes Available in India for Registration

Online Legal India LogoBy Online Legal India Published On 01 Feb 2023 Updated On 28 Sep 2023 Category Trademark

A trademark is a sign, design, or symbol that differentiates one source or company from others and identifies it; service marks are used to designate a service. The English Parliament passed the first trademark legislation in 1266, and India followed suit in 1999. Trademarks can be applied on packaging, labels, vouchers, and websites in addition to the product or any other display name of the business used online or offline. This article will explain why searching trademark classes is vital.

Requirement of Trademark for Business

A trademark distinguishes you from the competition and makes it easy for clients to find you.

The usage of trademarks encourages business growth via social media while also increasing product traffic and brand recognition. Therefore, trademarks are considered significant assets.

Trademark Meaning

A trademark is any statement, design, or symbol that aids in the identification of goods and services. A trademark registration grants the trademark holder exclusive rights to the logo, name, colour, mark, or combination, allowing the customer to distinguish one product or service from the rest.

Henceforth, the trademark registration procedure is critical to the firm's development since it aids branding and marketing. If a company does not have registered trademarks, others may take advantage of it, resulting in a lawsuit. A legal trademark, on the other hand, 
provides extensive protection for the company's logo, name, symbol, or brand against such blunders.

What Do You Mean by Trademark Registration?

A trademark is a term, phrase, symbol, or design that identifies and differentiates one supplier of products from another. In commerce, a trademark can be used to identify the source of products and services. Trademarks are significant assets because they enable customers to recognise things based on their brand identity.

They also assist customers in distinguishing between identical items. Trademark protection keeps customers from being confused about who manufactured the goods and protects you from rivals that want to use your mark.

Section 7 of the Trade Marks Act 1999 allows trademark registration by filing an application with the Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB). From filing your trademark application until receiving your certificate of registration from IPAB, it takes around six months. However, this time frame is subject to change.

Other firms will be unable to utilise your mark after you have registered it. This protects you against others utilising your name or logo in their business, which might lead to customer misunderstanding.

Benefits of Trademark Registration

The benefits of trademark registration are-

  • Trademark registration provides brand protection.
  • Avoiding trademark ambiguity.
  • This law also assures that the owner obtains more rewards.
  • It aids the owner in issuing this trademark globally.
  • When a trademark is registered, the owner is legally acknowledged as the owner of the mark.
  • After registering a trademark, the owner gains the legal right to sue anybody who uses the sign without authorization or in violation of trademark law.
  • It is widely accepted that the general public will never utilise an unregistered trademark.
  • It is the most straightforward and cost-effective method of registering your logo.
  • A registered trademark can reflect your product's goal, quality, and distinguishing traits.
  • A registered trademark can be sold, delegated, or even franchised.
  • Young brains are pulled to huge brands like a magnet is drawn to a magnet.

Trademark Services Classification

These trademark class searches consist of

  • Chemicals -Trademark Class 1
  • Paints -Trademark Class 2
  • Cosmetics and cleaning goods-Trademark Class 3
  • Lubricants and fuels -Trademark classes 4
  • Pharmaceuticals -Trademark Class 5
  • Metal items -Trademark Class 6
  • Machinery -Trademark Class 7 
  • Hand tools -Trademark Class 8
  • Electrical apparatus -Trademark Class 9
  • Medical Apparatus -Trademark Class 10
  • An environmental control device -Trademark Class 11
  • Vehicles -Trademark Class 12
  • Firearms -Trademark Class 13
  • Jewellery -Trademark Class 14
  • Musical instruments -Trademark Class 15
  • Paper products -Trademark Class 16
  • Rubber items -Trademark Class 17
  • Leather products -Trademark Class 18
  • Non-metallic construction materials -Trademark Class 19
  • Furniture and other unclassified articles -Trademark Class 20
  • Glass Objects and Housewares -Trademark Class 21
  • Cordage and fibres -Trademark Class 22
  • Yarns and Threads -Trademark Class 23
  • Fabrics -Trademark Class 24
  • Clothing -Trademark Class 25
  • Luxurious items -Trademark Class 26
  • Floor coverings -Trademark Class 27
  • Sporting products and toys -Trademark Class 28
  • Processed goods and meats -Trademark Class 29 
  • Staple foods -Trademark Class 30
  • Natural agricultural goods -Trademark Class 31
  • Soft drinks -Trademark Class 32 
  • Wines and beverages -Trademark Class 33
  • Smoking items -Trademark Class 34
  • Advertising and commerce -Trademark Class 35 
  • Insurance and financial services -Trademark Class 36 
  • Construction building and repair -Trademark Class 37
  • Telecommunication -Trademark Class 38
  • Transportation and storage -Trademark Class 39
  • Material Treatment -Trademark Class 40
  • Education and Entertainment -Trademark Class 41
  • Law, scientific, and computer services -Trademark Class 42 
  • Hotels & Restaurants -Trademark Class 43 
  • Medical, veterinary, agricultural, horticultural, and forestry services - Trademark Classes 44
  • Security services for the protection of people and property -Trademark Class 45

Classes in Trademark

Trademarks are legally protected in most countries and are essential for business owners to preserve their brand identity and reputation. Trademarks are also significant since they assist buyers in determining what sort of goods they are purchasing.

Trademark classes are significant because they aid in identifying the goods and services identified by a trademark. This is accomplished by categorising products and services into 45 distinct categories. These categories are determined by the type of product or service, its geographical location, and the manner in which it is advertised.

The Indian Trademark Act of 1999 allows for trademark registration in 45 classes. There are 34 classes for products and 11 classes for services. The objective of trademark classes or categories is to divide competition. Therefore, industries in the same business category are considered rivals and cannot utilise trademark phrases or emblems from other industries in the same business category. However, they may be permitted to utilise identical trademarks as other firms in the same category.

This trademark classification system ensures that no one gains from another existing firm in the same category since this might jeopardise the legitimacy, consumer confidence, and revenues of an already established business.

How to Choose A Trademark Class?

It might take time to decide which classes to register your trademark in. When deciding which category your goods or services belong in, keep the following in mind:

  • The nature and purpose of the goods or services
  • Whether the items include any raw ingredients,
  • What functions the service provider has, and
  • What kind of services are being provided?

Choose class 35 (advertising, business administration, business management, and office duties), and then check the box next to "retail services" for apparel.

Important Factors to Consider Before Choosing Trademark Protection

Here is a brief rundown of the points to consider before deciding on trademark class protection for your company.

  • Trademarks should not be ambiguous. Instead, it should be basic and unambiguous so that the audience can remember it right away. Thus, choose short and concise words because they are easier to read and draw more attention.
  • The proposed mark should be distinctive and exhibit no similarity to existing trademarks. Avoid duplicating someone else's name or logo for the purpose of rapid success since such actions may result in legal action.
  • Avoid registering geographical names and proper nouns since no one can guarantee ownership over regularly used terms.
  • At the moment, trademark applications are available for the following items:

         i)A letter, a number, or a symbol, or any combination of these Sound markings
        ii) 3-D symbols or signals
        iii)Both logos and graphic designs
        v)Many colours and colour combinations


A trademark is a symbol that identifies the origin of products or services. The trademark distinguishes one product from another and can be used to identify an individual firm. You must understand the trademark class specifics and choose a category for your firm.

Online Legal India is a professional platform, and their staff of skilled legal experts may assist you over the phone or online. They will answer your questions and make the registration procedure as simple as possible. If you want to register your trademark, please contact us right away.

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Anjali Malhotra


Anjali Malhotra


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