Categories of Work Under Copyright Registration

7 Different Categories of Work Under Copyright Registration

Online Legal India LogoBy Online Legal India Published On 21 Oct 2022 Category Copyright

Copyright is an exclusive right over the work of creativity or the original work. The registration of copyright is conferred under the Copyright Act 1957. There are various categories of work that must be registered under copyright law. There is a process that you must follow in order to register the copyright for all categories of works. Registration is essential for the owner of the copyright since it is a preventative and strategic action taken to protect the future of the work and related aspects from potential legal issues.


What Do You Understand by Copyrights?


Copyright covers the rights to adaptation, reproduction, and public communication and is a subset of IPR (Intellectual Property Right). People are given copyrights for their inventiveness and ingenuity in music, film, literature, and any other creative endeavour. A copyright is essentially the exclusive "Right to Copy" granted to the original creator. According to the Copyright Act of 1957, any unauthorised use of a work by the original creator is considered a copyright infringement. Under the Copyrights Law of India, there are copyrights related to several kinds of works.   

Different Types of Work Applicable Under the Copyright Law

Copyright is a kind of intellectual property right that guards original work created in a variety of artistic mediums. These areas are listed in Article 13 of the Copyright Act of 1957.

1. Literary Works

The works protected by copyright law include literary works that are original or uniquely created. Scripts, novels, biographies, theses, technical texts, and programs are only a few examples of these creative works. The Copyrights to these could be claimed regardless of the literary worth, writing style, or overall quality of the work. A literary work's copyright grants exclusive rights.

  1. To make variations of a work
  2. For a public performance of the work
  3. To distribute copies of work to the public  
  4. For reproducing the work
  5. To translate the work

2. Artistic Works

These artistic works are protected by the Copyright Act of 1957 and include, among other things, paintings, photographs, buildings, diagrams, cartoons, moulds, plans, etchings, casts for sculptures, graphics, and sketches.

Exclusive rights provided by the copyright for these creative works are.

  1. To give way copies of the work to the public. 
  2. To include artistic work in cinematographic films. 
  3. To make any changes to work. 
  4. For reproducing the original work.
  5. For making the artistic work reach the public. 

3. Dramatic Works 

Dramatic works refer to the portrayal or dramatic enactment of a specific plot. A drama, recitation, acting based on a book, coordinated movements, etc. may be among them. Cinematographic films of any kind are not included in this category of work.

Exclusive rights provided by the dramatic work's copyright are:

  1. For making any changes to the work
  2. To reproduce the work
  3. To comprise the work in any cinematographic film
  4. To make the work reach the public 

4. Sound Recordings 

Any audio recording, regardless of how it is stored, is a sound recording. Podcasts are examples of sound recordings, along with songs with or without music that feature vocalists. The authorization of the musical piece's composer is necessary for the sound recording's Copyright registration protection if it also contains music.

Exclusive rights granted by the copyright of sound-recorded works are:

  1. To provide the sale or hire of any copy of the sound recording
  2. For communicating the sound recordings to the general public
  3. To create any other recording that symbolises it

5. Musical Works

"Musical work" refers to a musical composition containing any visual notation. Still, it leaves out any actions or words meant to be sung, spoken, or performed in time to the music. The author of the copyright relation to "musical works" is the "composer." The author must obtain permission from the musical works' composer to record sound.

Exclusive rights granted under the copyright for songs in musical works in India are:

  1. For reproducing the musical work
  2. For reaching out the work to the public 
  3. To make any kind of variation to the work
  4. To perform the musical work in the public
  5. To provide copies of the work to the public
  6. To make a sound recording or a cinematographic film in respect of the musical work  

6. Cinematograph Films 

Cinematographic films typically contain all previously created visual and moving image recordings. It is a kind of work that combines video films with audio recordings made using any method, whether analogue or digital; whatever way of maintaining such visual records is acceptable, as are visual recordings in any format.    


The copyright under cinematograph film work grants exclusive rights


  1. To hire, sell, or offer a copy of the film.
  2. For allotting the cinematograph film to the public.
  3. For making a copy of the film or making any changes to it. 

7. Architectural Works 

Architectural works include a building's actual construction models as well as its designs and aesthetic features. However, they make no mention of the construction technique.   


Time Validity of Copyright 


The basic time validity of copyright is 60 years. For original literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, the 60-year period begins the year following the author's passing. A 60-year of time frame is provided for the use of cinematograph films, sound recordings, photographs, posthumous publications, anonymous and pseudonymous publications, works of governments, and works of international organisations. It doesn't continue forever.

Eligibility Criteria to Hold Copyright 

Anyone who claims to be the subject's original creator is eligible to register their copyright. A licensee can likewise be a copyright holder if the licensee has been granted ownership by the license holder. The age of a copyright owner is unrestricted.     


The copyright laws of 1957 established a sizable range of works for which one may obtain a copyright. Contact the professionals at Online Legal India for the fastest and most hassle-free copyright registration process in the nation. Our professionals will lead you through each step of the procedure.


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