Authorised Capital Meaning

Things To Know about Authorised Share Capital

Online Legal India LogoBy Online Legal India Published On 09 Jul 2022 Updated On 17 Jan 2023 Category Compliance

According to its articles of formation, a company's authorised share capital is the number of shares of stock it can issue. In many circumstances, a company's authorised share capital is far more than the number of shares it intends to issue. They must also put the topic to a shareholder vote if they seek to expand their authorised shares.

It's critical for you to understand how a company's authorised share capital impacts you as an investor. This article will describe authorised share capital, give examples from real-life situations, and clarify what it means to you as a shareholder.

Meaning of Authorised capital

The quantity of ordinary and preferred stock that a company is entitled to issue is known as authorised share capital. The authorised share capital of a company is determined by its articles of organisation.

A corporation can only issue more shares than it is currently permitted by holding a shareholder vote and amending the corporate charter. It is also known as “authorised share”, “authorised stock” and “authorised capital stock”.

In what way does an authorised share capital work?

When a company forms, one of the most crucial procedures is to submit articles of incorporation with the state in which it operates. This corporate charter contains important information about the firm, such as its name, mission, and how its board of directors will be chosen, among other things. The number of shares a corporation is permitted to issue is also listed in the articles of organisation.

They have the ability to issue more shares if they require more funding for the firm at some point, as long as they don't exceed the authorised share capital. 

If a corporation wishes to expand its authorised share capital, it must alter its corporate charter, which normally necessitates shareholder approval. This shareholder approval is critical since issuing new shares will erode current shareholders' equity.

Ways to Raise Authorised Share Capital

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs, or MCA, imposes a fee of Rs 5000 to allocate a private company a minimum authorised capital of Rs 100000. The shareholders must pay a supplemental charge as specified in the table below in order to increase the permitted capital further.
 

S. No

Additional Amount 

Fees Charged

  1.  

The minimum share capital of Rs. 1 lakh

Rs. 5000

  1.  

Additional 1 lakh between Rs. 100000 and Rs. 500000

Rs. 4000 per lakh

  1.  

Additional 1 lakh between Rs. 500000 and Rs. 5000000

Rs. 3000 per lakh

  1.  

Additional 1 lakh between Rs. 5000000 and Rs. 10000000

Rs. 1000 per lakh

  1.  

Additional 1 lakh between Rs. 10000000

Rs. 700 per lakh

What are the ways in which a start-up can raise its authorised capital?
 

The majority of start-ups are unable to expand due to a lack of early finance. As a result, they neglect to pay a significant sum to increase their authorised share capital during the incorporation procedure. As a result, most founders have little choice but to pay the required minimum approved share capital of INR 1 lakh. As a result, they fixed the share issuance limit within the specified range. Furthermore, any remaining funds are invested in the form of a share premium or an unsecured loan.

Additionally, this enables them to reduce the need for additional share capital throughout the early stages of their company's existence. However, when the firm grows and seeks finance or equity, the share capital limit is extended to allow for the issue of new shares. As a result, most start-ups choose to start with a smaller share capital requirement for private companies and progressively increase the limit as they seek debt or equity financing.

Conclusion

The company's authorised share capital is a valuable asset since it determines how many shares can be issued to stakeholders. It's worth noting that the validity of such capital is generally addressed in the MOA's capital provision. It's a good idea to raise this capital on a regular basis since it helps to compensate for the liquidity shortage caused by the financial recession.

Online legal India provides you with all the necessary details so that you don’t have to roam around for accurate information on authorised share capital. You can do your company registration without any hassle & time wastage.

 


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