digital signature certificates in cryptography

Role of Digital Signature Certificate in Cryptography

Online Legal India LogoBy Online Legal India Published On 18 Aug 2022 Category Digital Signature Certificate

A social primitive of authentications is a digital signature. Technically, a digital signature is a way to link a person or an organisation to digital data. Any third person may independently confirm this obligation in addition to the recipient. It is a cryptographic value that is calculated using information and a secret key that is only known to the signer.

In the real world, the recipient of communication needs assurance that the message originates from a certain sender and that he won't be able to refute the message's validity. In commercial applications, where there is a significant likelihood of data exchange conflict, this need is crucial. In situations like this, a cryptographic signature is essential.

Digital Signature in Cryptography

Public key cryptography is used in digital signatures to check and guarantee the accuracy and integrity of the information being signed. Let's examine how public key cryptography is utilised by digital signatures throughout the signing and verification processes.

Authentication: A verifier may be sure that a digital signature is from the sender with the accompanying secret private key when he validates it using the sender's public key.

Data Integrity: If a hacker modifies the data, the receiving end's digital signature verification is invalidated. The output of the verification procedure won't match the hash of the changed data. As a consequence, the communication can be safely rejected by the recipient.

Non-repudiation: Since the signer is the only one with access to the signature key, he may produce a distinctive signature on any given data. The recipient may provide the data & digital signature to a 3rd party as proof in the event of a later dispute.

Role of Digital Signature in Cryptography

Digital signature encryption is a mathematical technique for confirming the reliability and validity of any document, piece of software, or other kinds of communication. It enables us to validate the message's content and the signature's author, date, and time.

By offering substantially greater intrinsic protection, the digital signature is intended to solve the issue of tampering & impersonation in digital communications. Verifiable signatures are required. A 3rd party should be able to properly settle a disagreement about who signed a document without needing access to the signer's private information.

The RSA signature technique is still among the most practical and adaptable options available right now. The results of later investigations have led to the development of other digital signature methods.

The verification of business information using computers involves both technology & the law. Additionally, it promotes cooperation between individuals with varied professional backgrounds and fields of knowledge. Currently, compared to electronic signatures, digital signatures are more helpful for legal purposes.

Steps to get Digital Signature Certificates Online

Visit the official portal- of a certifying authority that holds an Indian licence to issue digital signature certificates. You will be sent to the area for Digital Certification Services after you have viewed the page. Now choose the category of entity for whom you wish to receive the DSC under the "Digital Certification Services" section, such as "person or organisation," etc.

If you are requesting an individual DSC, choose "individual." The Digital Signature Certificate Registration Form will be available in a new tab. A DSC Registration Form may be downloaded.

Fill in the necessary information- Once you've downloaded the form, complete it with the relevant information as specified therein:

  • DSC classification.
  • Validity.
  • Type: Sign-only or Sign-and-encrypt.
  • Candidate name and contact information.
  • Residence Postal Code.
  • Identifier & GST Number Specifics of the proof documents.
  • Declaration.
  • As identification proof, a document.
  • A document proving your address.
  • Officer of Attestation.
  • Paying Information.

You must attach your most current photos and sign the declaration after filling out all the required information. Make sure the form is totally filled out. The filled form should be printed out and saved.

Identity proof & address proof: An attesting officer must certify the supporting documentation that is submitted as identification and address evidence. Make sure the accompanying evidence documents bear the attesting officer's signature and seal in a clearly legible manner.

Payment for Digital Signature Certificate: When paying for a DSC application, you must get a demand draught or check in the jurisdiction of the regional registration authority where you want to file your application for verification. By conducting an internet search for a Certifying Authority authorised to issue Digital Certificates, you can discover the specifics of the Local Registration Authority for your place of residence.

Send the required documents: Put the following items inside an envelope:

  • Completed DSC Registration Form with supporting documentation for verification of identity & proof of address verified by the concerned attesting officer
  • Request draught or check for payment.
  • For further processing, please mail the attached envelope to the Local Registration Authority at the address provided.

By completing the DSC Form, submitting the required paperwork, and making the required payments, you have successfully finished the application procedure to get your Digital Signature Certificate online.

Who needs to apply to get Digital Signature Certificate?

Government organisations have embraced digital signatures as a result of the e-commerce boom, and many e-forms must be digitally signed by the authorised person as a legal requirement. Therefore, both persons and businesses must acquire a digital signature. A digital signature certificate (DSC) proves the owner's identity. It allows the possessor to confirm his identification and functions similarly to a PAN card or passport.

Different types of Digital Signature in Cryptography

  • DSA
  • EdDSA
  • ElGamal signatures
  • RSA signatures
  • Schnorr signatures

What are the different types of Digital signature certificates?

The person or business or in the case of cryptography must deliberately choose the class when applying for the certificate. The following list includes several kinds of digital signature certificates:

Class 1: Companies are not allowed to use this. It merely confirms a person's name and email address.

Class 2: Companies and other organisations require this. You may utilise it to file tax returns. A Class 2 digital signature certificate checks a person's identification against a previously confirmed, reliable database. Class 2 Certificates will no longer be granted as of January 1, 2021, and will be replaced by Class 3 Certificates, under instructions from the Controller of the Certifying Authority.

Class 3: For people or organisations that want to take part in online sales or tenders, this is necessary. It is the highest & safest type of certificate for a digital signature. The applicant must go before a registration authority in order to receive this.

What is the need for Digital Signature in Cryptography?

A digital signature is an output from cryptography that is used to confirm the validity of data. Two separate procedures are possible with a digital signature algorithm:

  • A signing procedure that applies a signature to unprocessed data using a signing key
  • A process where the signature can be verified by someone who isn't aware of the signing key.

A digital signature serves the following key purposes:

  • verification of the signed data's integrity
  • even if the signer disputes the signature's authenticity


In digital interactions, encrypted communications are preferred over plaintext ones in order to maintain secrecy. Anyone can transmit an encrypted message to the recipient as the sender's public (encryption) key is publicly accessible. To ensure message validity and non-repudiation, users who employ PKC for encryption must seek digital signatures.

The authorised individual attaches a Digital Signature Certificate to papers that are submitted electronically.  All papers uploaded to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs site have a DSC stamp. DSC is used to authenticate online transactions including LLP incorporation, income tax e-filing, and business incorporation.


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Anjali Malhotra


Anjali Malhotra


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